In recognition of the differences in uptake among different population groups, NHS England and NHS Improvement partnered with the Strategy Unit, NHS Midlands and Lancashire Commissioning Support Unit, to collect examples of initiatives to increase vaccine uptake in these groups, and reduce health inequalities.
Case studies across four key themes are available below:
- Place of residence. This term refers to a broad range of settings and circumstances relevant to the type of dwelling or environment within which an individual resides. We found examples concerning type of dwelling (specifically, individuals who have been incarcerated within the criminal justice system), as well as lack of dwelling (people experiencing homelessness, and migrants and asylum seekers).
- Ethnicity. Initiatives which aim to engage people and communities who identify as being from minority ethnic backgrounds. Our research identified initiatives relevant to Black Caribbean and Black African communities, Pakistani, Bangladeshi, Somali, and other minority ethnic communities.
- Faith communities. This category refers to the networks and communities formed around shared religious beliefs and affiliation. Our examples identify initiatives relevant to several different faith groups, including Christian, Muslim, Jewish and Sikh communities.
- Health status. Health status refers to individuals or groups of individuals who may be at an elevated risk of adverse COVID-19 related health outcomes, due to a pre-existing health condition or disability. Our research includes examples targeting people with learning disabilities, autism, Down’s syndrome, chronic kidney disease and primary ciliary dyskinesia.
The initiatives identified are described using two broad categories:
- Information and education. A broad range of initiatives that used information and education provision to address COVID-19 vaccine uptake were identified. For example, many initiatives included the use of multimedia tools or platforms to disseminate vaccine education and information materials (such as remote information sessions or webinars), and/or translated relevant materials into different languages.
- Outreach. Wide ranging approaches to making the vaccine more accessible to people and communities were also found, this included pop-up vaccine clinics in a variety of community-based settings, mobile clinics, telephone calls with the aim of booking people for their vaccine and provision of transport to a vaccination site.
An example for each theme/category is below. To read all of the case studies and a summary of each theme including key learnings from the evidence collection, visit the Strategy Unit website.