Place Based Approaches for Reducing Health Inequalities. PHE, alongside the Local Government Association and the Association of Director of Public Health has also developed guidance that local NHS bodies are encouraged to draw on to adopt a place-based approach to health inequalities
Health inequalities are not caused by one single issue, but by a complex mix of environmental and social factors which play out in a local area, or place.
Tackling this complex web requires a joined-up, place-based approach, drawing on the assets and organisations in any one place.
Place Based Approaches recognise that to make a significant change to health outcomes at a population level it is necessary to not just treat disease or the causes of disease but to address the wider determinants of health and to consider the impact of psychosocial and protective factors. The NHS has a role to play not just in terms of the services it commissions, but through working with partners, through its contribution to the civic sphere and the policies it deploys (e.g. smoke-free NHS, or use of the Social Value Act), and through taking community centred approaches which value the contribution that communities themselves can make to improving health outcomes.
Where appropriate interventions in area 2 of the Menu also indicate which approach or combination of these approaches (civic/service/community centred) they utilise.