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NHS launches new dementia diagnosis drive
Hundreds more people will be checked for dementia thanks to a new specialist service being trialled across the country, the NHS announced today.
Care home residents will be proactively assessed for the condition by specialist nurses and other healthcare professionals through 14 new pilot schemes being rolled out in the new year.
The new scheme comes as the NHS leading dementia expert said that family and friends can play a key role in spotting signs of dementia when visiting loved ones this Christmas.
During the pandemic, the number of people diagnosed with dementia was inevitably impacted and experts say this trial will help increase the number of diagnoses.
In the new local dementia drives, GPs will share a list of care home residents without a dementia diagnosis.
Staff involved in the pilot will then check with the care home to see if those listed have memory problems and residents will be offered be a full face-to-face assessment.
The clinician will review a person’s use of medication as well as speaking to the care home resident’s family and friends to determine whether they have dementia.
NHS England is investing £900,000 to launch two pilots in each of England’s seven regions.
A dementia diagnosis helps NHS and care home staff manage people’s condition better and ensures they are not prescribed unnecessary medication.
The fourteen pilots spread across the country will be launched from January following a successful trial in Norfolk.
More than 100 care home residents were given a face-to-face assessment in Norfolk, with 95 people receiving a dementia diagnosis.
The family of one of the residents received a diagnosis thanks to the trial said it “gave her peace of mind”.
Professor Alistair Burns, NHS England’s national clinical director for dementia, said: “The pandemic has naturally had an impact on the number of people diagnosed with dementia, with elderly people seeing fewer people to protect themselves from Covid-19.
“The NHS is determined to ensure those who developed dementia during the pandemic are given a diagnosis as it will open up doors to further support for people and their families who suffer from this heart-breaking disease.
“There are many things we can do in the NHS to care for and support people if they do get a diagnosis, and importantly there is support for their families and carers too.
“So if you have noticed over the festive period that someone has symptoms, please encourage them to visit their GP for an assessment – the sooner someone is seen the quicker the NHS can support them.”
The NHS Long Term Plan committed to offering better support for people with dementia through more support in the community through enhanced community multidisciplinary teams and greater personalised care.
The latest NHS figures show that 451,992 people in England have a dementia diagnosis, up 2.8 per cent on last year.
Referrals to memory services have returned to pre-pandemic levels with 301,218 in 2021/22.
Something as simple as forgetting to put the oven on for the Christmas turkey may be a warning that a loved one is experiencing the early stages of dementia. Other things to look out for are:
- Confusion in a new environment – someone may become disorientated or confused when in a new place. A family holiday in a hotel can be a time when a person can become confused any may include trying to get into the wrong bedroom.
- Forgetting the names of loved ones to the extent that it causes embarrassment.
- Being at a relative’s house where the lay out is unusual could put a person’s memory and orientation to the test.
- Forgetting someone’s present – it might not be a very close relative but sometimes a niece or a nephew’s present can be forgotten as it slips from memory.
- Complex tasks such as cooking a big Christmas dinner for a large number of people. The sign could be something as obvious as forgetting to switch the oven on, forgetting to put the sprouts on or cooking things in the wrong order.
Mental health nurse Laura Hudson, 45, from King’s Lynn, Norfolk, got her mother Pam, a former nurse, 80, diagnosed with dementia thanks to the pilot.
She said: “She was a general nurse for 20 years but people who knew her then wouldn’t recognise her now.
“She wouldn’t eat if you didn’t make her eat. She wouldn’t drink unless you made her.
“I’m so relieved and pleased that she has the dementia diagnosis because it has meant that people realise that they have to dig a little deeper with her. If you ask her if she’s OK she will say she’s fine but sometimes you have to ask a little more than that to get to the bottom of things.
“She’s getting good care where she is, but the diagnosis gives me peace of mind that if she has to go into hospital she will be treated appropriately there.”
Kumar Ponnusamy, Dementia Nurse Consultant for Norfolk and Suffolk Foundation Trust, said: “We are very proud of this important initiative, which is making a huge difference to the quality of life of this patient group by making sure they can get the support they need.
“A diagnosis opens the door to all sorts of information, advice, support and treatment, and is also incredibly useful for families as it helps them to understand their loved one’s behaviour.
“In addition, it allows care homes to tailor the support they provide to better meet the individual’s needs, as well as informing future care planning.
“The assessment can also help to identify other treatable conditions, such as depression, as well as giving our team the chance to review any medication the patient has been prescribed or signpost them to other services – such as the falls team – where appropriate.”
Mark MacDonald, Associate Director of Advocacy and System Change at Alzheimer’s Society, said: “Diagnosing dementia is crucial to unlocking the right care and support, so we’re pleased NHS England is prioritising the diagnosis of people in care homes through this initiative. Knowing someone has dementia can transform their care, ensuring they receive the right kind of support, and that families and carers get the information and guidance they also need after a diagnosis. We know the vast majority of those who have received a dementia diagnosis see it as a positive step, albeit one which can often be life-changing. If successful, we want to see this pilot rolled out as soon as possible across England as well as a focus on improving dementia diagnosis for everyone, both in and out of care homes.”
Notes to editors:
The new pilot sites will be run by the following trusts:
- Cambridgeshire and Peterborough NHS Foundation Trust
- East London NHS Foundation Trust (ELFT)
- South London and Maudsley NHS Foundation Trust (SLaM)
- Central North West London Trust (CNWLT)
- Birmingham & Solihull Mental Health Trust (Bsol MHT)
- Herefordshire and Worcestershire Health and Care Trust (H&W H&CT)
- Humber FT
- Cumbria, Northumberland, Tyne and Wear NHS Foundation Trust – North Community Locality
- Cheshire and Wirral Partnership Trust (CWP) in collaboration with Age UK Wirral (CWPT)
- Mersey Care NHS Foundation Trust (MC FT)
- Oxford Health Foundation Trust
- Kent and Medway NHS & Social Care Partnership Trust (KMPT)
- NHS Cornwall and Isle of Scilly
- Somerset NHS Foundation Trust