Services are commissioned by integrated care boards (ICBs) overseen by NHS England on a regional and national basis.
Find out more about how services are commissioned:
The closure of CCGs
Clinical commissioning groups (CCGs) were originally established as part of the Health and Social Care Act in 2012, and replaced primary care trusts on 1 April 2013.
On 1 July 2022, integrated care systems (ICSs) became legally established through the Health and Care Act 2022, and CCGs were closed down.