Embedding research in the NHS

Research is vital in providing the evidence we need to transform services and improve outcomes, such as in developing new models of care, redesigning urgent and emergency care, strengthening primary care and transforming mental health and cancer services.

Historically the UK has a rich heritage of research and invention in health care, around 25% of the world’s top 100 prescription medicines were discovered and developed in the UK[1].

By fully integrating research into our organisation we can outperform organisations that do not, leading to better quality care and improved use of resources. A lot of health research is carried out in the NHS, with recruitment and follow-up often taking place in clinical settings. We see 100% of Acute, Mental Health and Specialist Trusts taking part in research and an increasing number of research studies being undertaken in the community and primary care.

In 2020/21 over 1 million people were recruited into COVID-19 studies across the UK, leading to greater understanding of the disease and how to treat it, and of course the vaccine. There are research studies taking place now involving people with a wide range of long term conditions, diseases, disabilities as well as health volunteers.

NHS England are a key delivery partner of the Government’s National Vision For Clinical Research published in March 2021 and the underpinning implementation plan published in June 2021 and The Life Sciences Vision published in July 2021.

In November 2021, making research matter was published setting out a policy framework for developing and investing in nursing related research activity across the NHS.

In January 2022 the Allied Health Professions’ Research and Innovation Strategy for England was published, containing a definitive collective national reference statement that encompasses and supports the existing research and innovation strategies of all the Allied Health professional associations.

In November 2022, NHS England invested £1.6m to support integrated care systems (ICSs) and their project partners to increase diversity in research participation across their geographies. The funding will support the development of new or expansion of existing research networks that reach out to local stakeholders, especially the local voluntary, community and social enterprise (VCSE) sector and engage communities in local research priorities.

The National Institute for Health Research (NIHR) is the research arm of the NHS. They provide funding for research studies as well as academic training, facilities, career development and research capability development. See the NIHR website for more information on NIHR’s support offer.

Pursuing the use of evidence and evaluation will improve how we measure the impact of our work, meaning we can learn from what works well, and what doesn’t. We wish to foster a culture in the NHS that seeks out research evidence and applies this evidence in decision-making. All of this will be underpinned by a strong infrastructure that is supportive of research and evaluation.

Continuing funding after the completion of a clinical trial

NHS England policy sets out the limited circumstances in which ongoing treatment may be funded by NHS England for participants of non-commercial trials ahead of a routine clinical commissioning (funding) decision being made

[1] The impact of Collaboration: the value of UK medical research to EU science and health, Technopolis (2017) http://www.cancerresearchuk.org/sites/default/files/main_report_v8.pdf