Academics, health system bodies and other organisations including third sector bodies all produce evidence related to health inequalities. Evidence includes primary research, for example evaluations of interventions and secondary evidence such as systematic reviews, and statistical information.
Search for evidence
- Health system bodies – NHS England, Public Health England and others
- Academic institutes and networks
- Research funders
- Other bodies
- Social determinants of health
- Health behaviours
- Access to and quality of services
- Impact and return on investment
IHE has published reports on addressing the social determinants of health to reduce health inequalities including the Marmot Review and a series of papers commissioned by PHE to support local action on health inequalities, published in 2014 and 2015.
The PHRC has completed several projects related to health inequalities with details of project reports and peer reviewed journal articles on their website.
The Right Care programme provides a range of bespoke packs and interactive tools to enable CCGs and LAs to identify those programmes/conditions with the greatest opportunities for improvement. Using these resources, and the Right Care approach, commissioners can identify inequalities across care pathways and take steps to address them.
For case studies visit the Right Care website.
The Atlas of Variation provides information about unwarranted variation in healthcare services.
The Primary Care site aims to produce robust, reproducible graphs which are easy to interpret. This site is only available to registered users.
The graphs can be used to look at outcomes by the index of multiple deprivation and identify variations to address.
Public Health England (PHE)
PHE contributes to the Global Burden of Disease which has produced estimates for England on the causes of ill-health and premature mortality. A peer reviewed paper in the Lancet provides evidence on regional inequalities in England.
(Former) Health Inequalities National Support Team
Legacy materials which distil the learning from the programme, which ran from 2006-2011, and exemplify the methodology employed.
Details of research funded by UK research councils.
The website provides briefings related to health and wellbeing which provide background evidence about wider determinants of health.
Department of Health Policy Research Programme (PRP)
You can find a list of commissioned projects and summaries of completed projects from the PRP at the programme website.
- Office for National Statistics – The UK’s largest independent producer of official statistics
- Health Scotland – Health Scotland is a national Health Board working with public, private and third sectors to reduce health inequalities and improve health.
- The King’s Fund
- Better health for London : the report of the London Health Commission
- The Health Foundation
- Institute of Health Equity including a series of papers commissioned by PHE to support local action on health inequalities published in 2014 and 2015
- Social determinants of health – the solid facts
- Public health and landscape – creating healthy places
- The costs of inequality: whole-population modelling study of lifetime inpatient hospital costs in the English National Health Service by level of neighbourhood deprivation
- Stop the scandal: Can people living in homelessness accommodation access mental health services? (St Mungo’s)
- Reducing severe discrimination in Mental Health services
- Barriers to health faced by transgender and non-binary black and minority ethnic people
- Evidence and Ethnicity in Commissioning (EEiC) has a suite of tools and resources
- Health Inequalities National Support Team legacy materials
- Respiratory tuberculosis (TB) statistics – British Lung Foundation
- The Roma Community (Roma Support Group)
- Health and wellbeing: a guide to community-centred approaches (PHE/NHS England)
- Head, hands and heart: asset-based approaches in health care (The Health Foundation)
- Engaging communities for health improvement (The Health Foundation)
- Evidence and Ethnicity in Commissioning (EEiC)
- People powered health (NESTA)
- What works in schools and colleges to increase physical activity? (PHE)
- Clustering of unhealthy behaviours over time (King’s Fund)
- Estimating the costs of health inequalities. A report prepared for the Marmot Review (Frontier Economics)
- Informing investment to reduce health inequalities (ScotPHO)
- Understanding the Economics of Investments in the Social Determinants of Health (Institute of Health Equity)